What we know
- Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes bite during the day and night.
- Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects.
- There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.
Mayo Clinic Q and A: Protecting yourself from Lyme disease:
Lyme disease is caused by specific strains of bacteria. Black-legged ticks, also known as deer ticks, which feed on the blood of animals and humans, can carry the bacteria and spread it when they feed.
Influenza (the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The flu is different from a cold. The flu usually comes on suddenly. People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:
What is the Common Cold?
The common cold can be caused by more than 200 different viruses, which easily spread in the air and through close contact. According to the CDC, rhinovirus is the most common type of virus that causes colds.